Erik Erikson is definitely possibly the most widely known of Sigmund Freud's a large number of followers. He grew up in Europe and spent his young adult life underneath the direction of Freud. In 1933 once Hitler was at power of Philippines, Erikson immigrated to the U. S. and began educating at Harvard University. His clinical operate and studies were based upon children, students, and patients of combat fatigue during WWII, civil rights personnel, and American Indians. It absolutely was these research that led Erikson to believe that Freud misjudged a lot of important areas of human development. Erikson offers influenced how psychologists see the importance of identification during children. Erikson's psychosocial model was influenced by simply Freud and shares a number of ideas. For example , both Freud and Erikson agree that many individual is born with a volume of basic instincts, that development occurs through stages, and that the order of the stages can be influenced by simply biological growth (Sigelman, and Shaffer). Erikson also feels, as performed Freud, that personality offers three pieces: the id, the ego, and the superego. However , Erikson does argue that social and cultural affects have a major role in shaping human development and less significance should be placed on the role of sexual urges. Freud did note however , that social agents such as parents should be viewed as important, however it is Erikson who illustrates it within a broader interpersonal environment, which includes peers, teachers and colleges which are highly important according to Erikson. Erikson moves more towards the ‘nurture' side in the nature -- nurture issue than performed Freud, observing nurture while equally important in development. This ‘nurture' prospect shows the emphasis on environmental forces inside Erikson's version. Experiences anytime, changes achieved through learning, the effect of techniques of child showing, societal adjustments and culture all possess a really natural part on individual development relating to...
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Erikson, Erik. Homepage. 28 Mar. 2009. 12-15 May